CALL FOR PAPERS - SPECIAL ISSUE Entrepreneurship & Regional DevelopmentThe Emerging Subfield of Religious Entrepreneurship
Brett Smith, Saulo Dubard Barbosa, Allan Discua Cruz and Miruna Radu-Lefebvre
There is a resurgent interest in research at the intersection of religion and entrepreneurship. This “theological turn” to entrepreneurship research (Smith, McMullen, & Cardon, 2021) includes an increasing number of publications in top-tier management and entrepreneurship journals (Block et al., 2020; Smith et al., 2019; Henley, 2017; Lindgreen and Hingley 2010), the creation of an academic research conference (www.liferesearchconference.com), and the launch of a special issue in one of the leading entrepreneurship journals.
While interest in the topic is not new - dating back to seminal works of Emile Durkheim ( 1965), William James (1902) and Max Weber ( 2013), there is a difference in the combined quantity and quality of the emerging research. In the past, a number of barriers have limited the development of this research stream, including lack of personal relevance to scholars, the declining importance of religion in parts of the world, skepticism about the validity of research on religion, and the seeming inevitability of secularization, among others (King, 2008). However, scholars are overcoming these obstacles – real or perceived – because of religion’s prevalence, centrality, established base of literature, and ability to provide novel answers to important questions in entrepreneurship (Smith, McMullen, & Cardon, 2021). In short, religion is a very old and still contemporary social phenomenon concerning varying populations worldwide, and which today increasingly attracts the attention of entrepreneurship scholars. As a result, a substantial number of scholarly activities are contributing to the development of the research domain of religious entrepreneurship as an emerging subfield.
The Distinctive Domain of Religious Entrepreneurship
The subfield of religious entrepreneurship occurs at the overlapping intersection of religion and entrepreneurship. Religious entrepreneurship is defined as the processes of “discovery, enactment, evaluation, and exploitation of opportunities to create future goods and services motivated by the cultural and ideological beliefs, practices, and/or outcomes rooted in religious faith” (Smith, Gümüsay, & Townsend, 2023). This definition provides the foundation for two essential research questions:
These questions recognize religious entrepreneurship as bi-directional and recursive. It acknowledges not only the influence of religion on entrepreneurial antecedents, processes, and outcomes, but also the influence of entrepreneurship on religious antecedents, processes and outcomes. It recognizes that religion, as entrepreneurship, is a human experience. It can be both an individual as well as a collective endeavor occurring in entrepreneurial teams, families, communities, and regions.
We are open to the submission of both conceptual and empirical papers, with different levels of analysis and methodological approaches. We suggest the following as possible themes:
Extended abstracts to be sent as Microsoft Word file to: email@example.com (1,000 words, including Principal Topic, Theoretical Background, Methods, and Results, if applicable): 15 January 2024
Confirmation of participation to the PDW: March, 2024
PDW (virtual): April / May 2024
Full paper submission: 1 November 2024
For the full call for papers, see: https://tinyurl.com/2ttrvyra
Block, J., Fisch, C., & Rehan, F. (2020). Religion and entrepreneurship: A map of the field and bibliometric analysis. Management Review Quarterly, 70, 591-627.
Durkheim, E.  (1965). The elementary forms of the religious life. New York: The Free Press
Gümüsay, A. (2015). Entrepreneurship from an Islamic perspective. Journal of Business Ethics, 130, 199-208.
Henley, Andrew. 2017. Does religion influence entrepreneurial behaviour? International Small Business Journal 35.5: 597-617.
James, W. (1902). The varieties of religious experience: A study in human nature. New York: Barnes & Noble Classics.
Lindgreen, Adam, & Martin K. Hingley. 2010. Challenges and opportunities for small and medium-sized businesses arising from ethnically, racially & religiously diverse populations. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development 22 (1). 1–4. doi:10.1080/08985620903220470.
McMullen, J. & Shepherd, D. 2006. Entrepreneurial action and the role of uncertainty in the theory of the entrepreneur. Academy of Management Review, 31, 132-152.
Rindova, V., Barry, D., & Ketchen, D. 2009. Entrepreneuring as emancipation. Academy of Management Review, 34, 477-491.
Seabright, P. (2016). Religion and entrepreneurship: A match made in heaven. Archives de Sciences Sociales des Religions, 201-219.
Shane, S., & Venkataraman, S. (2000). The promise of entrepreneurship as a field of research. Academy of Management Review, 25, 217–226.
Smith, B., Conger, M., McMullen, J., & Neubert, M. (2019). Why believe? The promise of the role of religion in entrepreneurial action. Journal of Business Venturing Insights, 11, e00119. doi.org/10.1016/j.jbvi.2019.e00119
Smith, B., Gümüsay, A. & Townsend, D. (2023). Bridging worlds: The intersection of religion and entrepreneurship as meaningful heterodoxy. Journal of Business Venturing Insights, 20, e00406. doi.org/10.1016/j.jbvi.2023.e00406
Smith, B., Lawson, A., Barbosa, S. & Jones, J. (2023). Navigating the highs and lows of entrepreneurial identity threats to persist: The countervailing force of a relational identity with God. Journal of Business Venturing, 38, 106317. doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusvent.2023.106317
Smith, B., McMullen, J., & Cardon, M. (2021). Toward a theological turn in entrepreneurship: How religion could enable transformative research in our field. Journal of Business Venturing, 36, 106139. doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusvent.2021.106139
Smith, C. (2017). Religion: What it is, how it works, and why it matters. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Venkataraman, S. (1997). The distinctive domain of entrepreneurship research. Advances in Entrepreneurship, Firm Emergence and Growth, Vol. 3, 119-138.
Weber, M.  (2013). The Protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism. New York: Routledge.
Connect to the Division