Call for Papers
Small Business and Entrepreneurship in Times of Crisis: Latest Developments and Trends
Alexander Newman, IPA-Deakin SME Research Centre, Deakin University, Australia, firstname.lastname@example.org
Martin Obschonka, Australian Centre for Entrepreneurship Research (ACE), Queensland University of Technology, Australia, email@example.com
Joern Block, University of Trier, Germany, firstname.lastname@example.org
This special issue will enhance scholarly understanding of how small businesses and entrepreneurs navigate and operate in times of crisis and pinpoint the effectiveness of different forms of institutional support. A crisis is an unexpected event that poses a significant threat to economies, business organisations and individuals. Over the last three decades we have witnessed several major global crises that have affected the economy including the Asian Financial Crisis, the Global Financial Crisis and the COVID-19 crisis. At a regional level, we have also witnessed crises caused by natural disasters i.e. the tsunamis in South-East Asia and Japan and bush/forest fires in Australia, California and Southern Europe, and those resulting from political unrest i.e. the political crisis in Hong Kong and the refugee crisis in the Middle East. Most recently, the COVID-19 crisis has had a catastrophic impact on small businesses in many ways. It has led to a multitude of issues including reduced business activity, temporary business closures, staffing issues and supply chain interruptions.
Crises in their multitude of forms have huge implications for small business and entrepreneurship, not to mention those whose livelihoods depend on these ventures. Despite this, limited work has examined how small businesses and entrepreneurs deal with crises (Herbane, 2010). Researchers have only recently started to examine the impact of crises on entrepreneurial activity and success (Bartz and Winkler, 2016; Davidsson and Gordon, 2016; Devece et al., 2016; Giotopoulos et al., 2017; Williams and Vorley, 2017), the entrepreneurial financing ecosystem (Block and Sandner, 2009), and how entrepreneurs navigate and operate in times of crisis (Cucculelli and Peruzzi, 2020; Doern, 2016; Mayr et al., 2017; Ogawa and Tanaka, 2013). Compared to larger organizations, small businesses and entrepreneurs are confronted with particular challenges in times of crisis (Shane, 2011), but they might also be in a better position to recognize, evaluate and exploit new opportunities associated with a crisis (Davidsson, 2015; Shepherd & Williams, 2018), with implications for the businesses and the wider economies of which they form a part.
This special issue will advance our theoretical understanding of how business owners make sense of and respond to crises, as well as examine the effects of crises on entrepreneurial activity and small business performance. In addition, it will allow us to examine the role played by policy makers in supporting small businesses and entrepreneurs in times of crisis. In doing so it will build on recent work including a review of prior work on entrepreneurship in times of crisis (Doern et al., 2019).
We welcome submissions from a variety of disciplines including economics, sociology, finance, strategy and psychology. Both conceptual and empirical work will be considered. We would like this Special Issue to offer a series of articles that encourage theoretical development and empirical examination of topics including:
- In the face of economic crises how should entrepreneurs/small businesses adapt their business models?
- How should entrepreneurs/small businesses minimize the impact of economic crises on their employees and customers?
- What strategies should entrepreneurs/small businesses adopt to right size their businesses in the times of crisis?
- What factors predict the likelihood of business survival in an economic crisis?
- What opportunities do economic crises provide entrepreneurs/small businesses for developing new innovative business models and products/services?
- What ethical responsibilities do entrepreneurs/small businesses owe their employees, customers, suppliers and society more generally in times of crisis?
- Do economic crises result in a growth in entrepreneurial activity as wage employment falls?
- What types of policies should governments implement to support entrepreneurs and small businesses in times of crisis? Which policies are most effective in fostering business survival and performance in the short to medium-term?
- How should small businesses prepare for economic crises? What risk mitigation strategies are most effective and why?
- What are implications of crises for the mental health and psychological well-being of entrepreneurs and small business owners? What are effective psychological coping strategies?
- How do the different markets of entrepreneurial and small business finance react to a crisis? How do banks, venture capitalists and crowdfunders react? How are entrepreneurs and small business owners affected?
The deadline for submission of papers is 18 December 2020. The journal submission site will be open for submissions from Friday 4 December 2020. The Special Issue is scheduled to be published in March 2022. Papers must be original and comply with ISBJ submission guidelines. Please refer http://isb.sagepub.com/ for submission guidelines and a link to the on-line submission system. In the online system please ensure you submit your paper within Manuscript Type: ‘Special Issue: Small Business and Entrepreneurship in Times of Crisis’.
Questions and informal enquiries should be directed to: email@example.com or any of the other editors.
Bartz, W., & Winkler, A. (2016). Flexible or fragile? The growth performance of small and young businesses during the global financial crisis — Evidence from Germany. Journal of Business Venturing, 31(2), 196-215.
Block, J. & Sandner, P. (2009). What is the effect of the financial crisis on venture capital financing? Empirical evidence from US internet start-ups. Venture Capital - An International Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance, 11(4), 295-309.
Cucculelli, M., & Peruzzi, V. (2020). Post-crisis firm survival, business model changes, and learning: evidence from the Italian manufacturing industry. Small Business Economics, 54, 459-474.
Davidsson, P. (2015). Entrepreneurial opportunities and the entrepreneurship nexus: A re-conceptualization. Journal of Business Venturing, 30(5), 674-695.
Davidsson, P., & Gordon, S.R. (2016). Much ado about nothing? The surprising persistence of nascent entrepreneurs through macroeconomic crisis. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 40(4), 915-941.
Devece, C., Peris-Ortiz, M., & Rueda-Armengot, C. (2016). Entrepreneurship during economic crisis: Success factors and paths to failure. Journal of Business Research, 69(11), 5366-5370.
Doern, R. (2016). Entrepreneurship and crisis management: The experiences of small businesses during the London 2011 riots. International Small Business Journal, 34(3), 276-302.
Doern, R., Williams, N., & Vorley, T. (2019). Special issue on entrepreneurship and crises: business as usual? An introduction and review of the literature. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 31(5-6), 400-412.
Giotopoulos, I., Kontolaimou, I., & Tsakanikas, A. (2017). Drivers of high-quality entrepreneurship: what changes did the crisis bring about? Small Business Economics, 48, 913-930.
Herbane, B. (2010). Small business research: Time for a crisis-based view. International Small Business Journal, 28(1), 43-64.
Mayr, S., Mitter, C., & Aichmayr, A. (2017). Corporate crisis and sustainable reorganization: Evidence from bankrupt Austrian SMEs. Journal of Small Business Management, 55(1), 108-127.
Ogawa, K., & Tanaka, T. (2013). The global financial crisis and small- and medium-sized enterprises in Japan: How did they cope with the crisis? Small Business Economics, 41, 401-417.
Shane, S. (2011). The great recession’s effect on entrepreneurship. Economic Commentary, (2011-04). https://www.clevelandfed.org/newsroom-and-events/publications/economic-commentary/economic-commentary-archives/2011-economic-commentaries/ec-201104-the-great-recessions-effect-on-entrepreneurship.aspx
Shepherd, D. A., & Williams, T. A. (2018). Spontaneous venturing: An entrepreneurial approach to alleviating suffering in the aftermath of a disaster. MIT Press.
Williams, N., & Vorley, T. (2015). The impact of institutional change on entrepreneurship in a crisis-hit economy: The case of Greece. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 27(1-2), 28-49.